CSE120. Physics (ects: 5)
THEORY
The aim of this course is the presentation of the basic principles and laws of physics with emphasis in archiving knowledge that will enable the student to attend other courses in civil engineering.
Physical quantities, standards and units. Vectors and scalars, vector analysis. Coordinate systems, unit vectors, products of vectors. Definition of forces and torques as vectors and rigid bodies. Friction, pulleys, cables. Particle kinematics. Linear and curvilinear motion of a particle. Velocity, acceleration, corialis acceleration. Relative motion. Systems of particles. Center of mass, average velocity and acceleration.
Work, kinetic energy, gravitational energy, potential energy. Conservation theorems. Determination of the center of mass and calculation of moments of inertia for bodies.
Kinetics and dynamics of the rigid body. Translation and rotation of o rigid body. Linear and angular velocity. Linear and angular acceleration. Center of mass, moments of inertia. Linear momentum, angular momentum. Conservation laws. Coliseums. Work, kinetic energy, gravitational energy, potential energy. Conservation laws. Oscillation. Periodic motion. Simple harmonic oscillations. Damped harmonic motion. Particle oscillations and rigid body oscillations. Free and forced oscillation. Resonance. Systems of two degrees of freedom
Mechanical wares in elastic media. Types of waves, traveling wares, standing wares. Surface waves.
LABORATORY
Demonstration of the theory with the help of laboratory experiments and solving problems. Experimental methods in physics. Units measurements and errors. Graphs. Curves and course fitting (to data points). Lest squares fitting and application to various curses